RS is a sovereign state located in southern Central Europe at a crossroads of important European cultural and trade routes. Slovenia has a mostly mountainous terrain  with a mainly continental climate with the exception of the Slovene Littoralwhich has a sub- Mediterranean climateand of the northwest, which has an Alpine climate. The country, marked by a significant biological diversity,   is one of the most water-rich in Europe,  with a dense river network, a rich aquifer system, and significant karst underground watercourses.
Slovenia has historically been the crossroads of SlavicGermanicand Romance languages and cultures. Slovenia is a largely secularized country,  but Catholicism and Lutheranism have significantly influenced its culture and identity.
In October the Slovenes exercised self-determination for the first time by co-founding the State of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs. In the first years after World War II this state was initially allied with the Eastern Blocbut it never subscribed to the Warsaw Pact and in became one of the founders of the Non-Aligned Movement.
In Juneafter the introduction of multi-party representative democracySlovenia split from Yugoslavia and became an independent country.
The etymology of Slav itself remains uncertain. They officially named the state as Federal Slovenia Federalna Slovenijaa unit within the Yugoslav federation. Present-day Slovenia has been inhabited since prehistoric times.
There is evidence of human habitation from aroundyears ago. Archaeological remains dating from the Hallstatt period have been found, particularly in Sa koper du bil billigt i tyskland Slovenia, among them a number of situlas in Novo Mestothe "Town of Situlas". The area that is present-day Slovenia was in Roman times shared between Venetia et Histria region X of Roman Italia in the classification of Augustus and the provinces Pannonia and Noricum.
In the 5th and 6th centuries, the area was subject to invasions by the Huns and Germanic tribes during their incursions into Italy. A part of the inner state was protected with a defensive line of towers and walls called Claustra Alpium Iuliarum. The Slavic tribes migrated to the Alpine area after the westward departure of the Lombards the last Germanic tribe inand under pressure from Avars established a Slavic settlement in the Eastern Alps.
From to or possibly onwards, King Samo
Sa koper du bil billigt i tyskland the Alpine and Western Slavs against the Avars and Germanic peoples and established what is referred to as Samo's Kingdom.
After its disintegration following Samo's death in orthe ancestors of the Slovenes located in present-day Carinthia formed the independent duchy of Carantania and Carniolalater duchy Carniola.
Other parts of present-day Slovenia were again ruled by Avars before Charlemagne 's victory over them in The Carantaniansone of the ancestral groups of the modern Slovenes, particularly the Carinthian Sloveneswere the first Slavic people to accept Christianity. They were mostly Christianized by Irish missionaries, among them Modestusknown as the "Apostle of Carantanians". This process, together with the Christianization of the Bavarianswas later described in the memorandum known as the Conversio Bagoariorum et Carantanorumwhich is thought to have overemphasized the role of the Church of Salzburg in the Christianization process over similar efforts of the Patriarchate of Aquileia.
In the mid-8th century, Carantania became a vassal duchy under the rule of the Bavarianswho began spreading Christianity. Three decades later, the Carantanians were incorporated, together with the Bavarians, into the Carolingian Empire. During the same period Carniolatoo, came under the Franks, and was Christianised from Aquileia.
Following the anti-Frankish rebellion of Liudewit at the beginning of the 9th century, the Franks removed the Carantanian princes, replacing them with their own border dukes.
Consequently, the Frankish feudal system reached the Slovene territory. Carantania, being the most important, was elevated into the Duchy of Carinthia in By the late Middle Ages, the historic provinces of Carniola, StyriaCarinthiaGoriziaTriesteand Istria developed from the border regions and Sa koper du bil billigt i tyskland incorporated into the medieval German state.
The consolidation and formation of these historical lands took place in a long period between the 11th and 14th centuries, and were led by a number of important feudal families, such as the Dukes of Spannheimthe Counts of Goriziathe Counts of Celjeand, finally, the House of Habsburg.
In a parallel process, an Sa koper du bil billigt i tyskland German colonization significantly diminished the extent of Slovene-speaking areas. By the 15th century, the Slovene ethnic territory was reduced to its present size. The counts of Celjea feudal family from this area who in acquired the title of state princes, were Habsburgs ' powerful competitors for some time. This large dynasty, important at a European political level, had its seat in Slovene territory but died out in Its numerous large estates subsequently became the property of the Habsburgs, who retained control of the area right up until the beginning of the 20th century.
Patria del Friuli ruled present western Slovenia until Venetian takeover in At the end of the Middle Ages, the Slovene Lands suffered a serious economic and demographic setback because of the Turkish raids. Ina peasant revolt spread across nearly the whole Slovene territory. In and the Croatian-Slovenian peasant revolt wrought havoc throughout the wider region. Such uprisings, which often met with bloody defeats, continued throughout the 17th century. Slovenes inhabited most of Carniolathe southern part of the duchies of Carinthia and Styriathe northern and eastern areas of the Austrian Littoralas well as Prekmurje in the Kingdom of Hungary.
Due to limited opportunities, between and there was extensive emigration, and aroundSlovenes i.
The area of the United States with the highest concentration of Slovenian immigrants is Cleveland, Ohio. The other locations in the United States where many Slovenians settled were areas with substantial industrial and mining activities: The men were important as workers in the mining industry, because of some of the skills they brought from Slovenia.
Despite this, the Slovene population increased significantly. The 19th century also saw a revival of culture in the Slovene languageaccompanied by a Romantic nationalist quest for cultural and political autonomy. The idea of a United Sloveniafirst Sa koper du bil billigt i tyskland during the revolutions "Sa koper du bil billigt i tyskland"became the common platform of most Slovenian parties and political movements in Austria-Hungary.
During the same period, Yugoslavisman ideology stressing the unity of all South Slavic peoplesspread as a reaction to Pan-German nationalism and Italian irredentism. World War I brought heavy casualties to Slovenes, particularly the twelve Battles of the Isonzowhich took place in present-day Slovenia's western border area with Italy. Hundreds of thousands of Slovene conscripts were drafted into the Austro-Hungarian Armyand over 30, of them died. Hundreds of thousands of Slovenes from Gorizia and Gradisca were resettled in refugee camps in Italy and Austria.
While the refugees in Austria received decent treatment, the Slovene refugees in Italian camps were treated as state enemies, and several thousand died of malnutrition and diseases between and The Treaty of Rapallo of left approximatelyout of the total population of 1.
This caused the mass emigration of Slovenes, especially the middle class, from the Slovenian Littoral and Trieste to Yugoslavia and South America. Those who remained organized several connected networks of both passive and armed resistance. The best known was the militant anti-fascist organization TIGRformed in in order to fight Fascist oppression of the Slovene and Croat populations in the Julian March. The Slovene People's Party launched a movement for self-determination, demanding the creation of a semi-independent South Slavic state under Habsburg rule.
The proposal was picked up by most Slovene parties, and a mass mobilization of Slovene civil society, known as the Declaration Movementfollowed. On 29 October, independence was declared by a national gathering in Ljubljana, and by the Croatian parliament, declaring the establishment of the new State of Slovenes, Croats, and Serbs.
The main territory of Slovenia, being the "Sa koper du bil billigt i tyskland" industrialized and westernized compared to other less developed parts of Yugoslavia, became the main center of industrial production: Compared to Serbia, for example, Slovenian industrial production was four times greater; and it was 22 times greater than in Macedonia.
The interwar period brought further industrialization in Slovenia, with rapid economic growth in the s, followed by a relatively successful economic adjustment to the economic crisis and Great Depression.
Following a plebiscite in Octoberthe Slovene-speaking southern Carinthia was ceded to Austria. With the Treaty of Trianonon the other hand, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia was awarded the Slovene-inhabited Prekmurje region, formerly part of Austro-Hungary.
Slovenes living in territories that fell under the rule of the neighboring states—Italy, Austria, and Hungary—were subjected to assimilation. Axis forces invaded Yugoslavia in April and defeated the country in a few weeks.
The southern part, including Ljubljana, was annexed to Italy, while the Nazis took over the northern and eastern parts of the country. In addition, some 46, Slovenes were expelled to Germany, including children who were separated from their parents and allocated to German families. The Slovene language was banned from education, and its use in public life was limited to the absolute minimum. After the resistance started in summerItalian violence against the Slovene civilian population escalated, as well.
The Italian authorities deported some 25, people to the concentration campswhich equaled 7. The most infamous ones were Rab and Gonars. To counter the Communist-led insurgence, the Italians sponsored local anti-guerrilla units, formed mostly by the local conservative Catholic Slovene population that resented the revolutionary violence of the partisans. They united the Slovene anti-Communist counter-insurgence into the Slovene Home Guard and appointed a puppet regime in the Province of Ljubljana.
The anti-Nazi resistance however expanded, creating its own administrative structures as the basis for Slovene statehood within a new, federal and socialist Yugoslavia.
InYugoslavia was liberated by the partisan resistance and soon became a socialist federation known as the People's Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. Slovenia joined the federation as a constituent republic, led by its own pro-Communist leadership. The small Jewish community, mostly settled in the Prekmurje region, perished in in the holocaust of Hungarian Jews.
The German speaking minority, amounting to 2. Hundreds of Istrian Italians and Slovenes that opposed communism were killed in the foibe massacresand more than 25, fled or were expelled from Slovenian Istria in the aftermath of the war. A socialist state was established, but because of the Tito—Stalin split ineconomic and personal freedoms were broader than in the Eastern Bloc countries. After the failure of forced collectivisation that was attempted from —53, a policy of gradual economic liberalisation, known as workers self-managementwas introduced under the advice and supervision of the Slovene Marxist theoretician and Communist leader Edvard Kardeljthe main ideologue of the Titoist path to Suspected opponents of this policy both from within and outside the Communist party were persecuted and thousands were sent to Goli otok.
The late s saw a policy of liberalisation in the cultural sphere, as well, and limited border crossing into neighboring Italy and Austria was allowed again.
Until the s, Slovenia enjoyed relatively broad autonomy within the federation. Particularly in the s, Slovenia's economy developed rapidly and was strongly industrialised. With further economic decentralisation of Yugoslavia in —66, Slovenia's domestic product was 2.
Opposition to the regime was mostly limited to intellectual and literary circles, and became especially vocal after Tito's death inwhen the economic and political situation in Yugoslavia became very strained.
In a group of intellectuals demanded Slovene independence in the 57th edition of the magazine Nova revija. Demands for democratisation and more Slovenian independence were sparked off. A mass democratic movement, coordinated by Committee for the Defence of Human Rightspushed the Communists in the direction of democratic reforms.
In Septembernumerous constitutional amendments were passed to introduce parliamentary democracy to Slovenia. The initial revolutionary events in Slovenia pre-dated the Revolutions of in Eastern Europe by almost a year, but went largely unnoticed by international observers. In Decembera new constitution was adopted,  followed in by the laws on denationalisation and privatization.
Slovenia joined the European Union on 1 May Slovenia has one Commissioner in Sa koper du bil billigt i tyskland European Commissionand seven Slovene parliamentarians were elected to the European Parliament at elections on 13 June Slovenia subsequently succeeded in meeting the Maastricht criteria and joined the Eurozone the first transition country to do so on 1 January The latest Tweets from Eyelight Films (@eyelightvideo).
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